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Madagascar Government
 
 
 

General

Politics of Madagascar takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Madagascar is head of state and the Prime Minister of Madagascar is head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Senate and the National Assembly.

The president is elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year term, renewable twice. A prime minister and council of ministers carries out day-to-day management of government. The president appoints the prime minister. The prime minister and members of parliament initiate legislation and the government executes it. The president can dissolve the National Assembly. For its part, the National Assembly can pass a motion of censure and require the prime minister and council of ministers to step down. The Constitutional Court approves the constitutionality of new laws.

The parliament has two chambers. The National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena/Assemblée Nationale) has 160 members, elected for a four-year term in single-member and two-member constituencies. The Senate (Sénat) has 90 members, 60 members elected for a six-year term, 10 for each province by provincial electors, and 30 members appointed by the president.

The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Territorial administration is to be determined by legislation. In an effort to decentralize administration, the constitution calls for the six provinces (faritany) to become autonomous. These provinces are Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara.

Overview

Country name :
conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar
conventional short form: Madagascar
local long form: Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
local short form: Madagascar/Madagasikara
former: Malagasy Republic

Government type :
republic

Capital :
name: Antananarivo
geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions :
6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara

Independence :
26 June 1960 (from France)

National holiday :
Independence Day, 26 June (1960)


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